List of Tables, Maps, Illustrations, and Figures


1. Symbolism, Self and Urban Environment
    Residential Succession: How "Losers" Win
    Negro Pioneers and White Flight
    Relative Selectability among Minority Invaders
    Symbolic History and Self
    Symbolic History: Modern and Ancient Foundations

2. Self Selection and Urban Decay
    The Social Character of the Manor

3. Woodland to City Neighborhood: 300 Years of Change
    Indians, Geology and Transportation
    Protecting the Community: Covenant and Zoning
    Increasing Community Parameters

4. Invasion and Succession

    Irish and Italian Catholics
    Veterans: Undesirable Heroes
    Blacks and the Special Problems of Nonwhite Invaders
    Back to City Brownstones: A Confused Invasion
    The Invasion Mentality

5. Micrological Aspects of Urban Problems
    Involuntary Change: Aging and Death
    Attidues of Heirs
    Apartment Houses: The Big Change
    The Life of a Tenant and a Building
    Understanding Intricate Urban Problems

6. Stigma and Self-Image in the Inner City
    Achievement and Residentia Movement
    The Moral Careers of Inner-City Residents
    The Community Paradigm
    Implications and Applications


At this point I should take the opportunity to thank those persons, colleagues and community residents who were directly or indirectly helpful to the production of this work. First of all I must thank Charles R. Lawrence and Sidney H. Aronson for their confidence and support over the years; if not in my sociology at least in my humanity. Ronald Corwin gave me a start in the right direction and Edward Sagarin and Sylvia Fava reminded me at times where they thought I was going wrong. Alfred McClung Lee was a major influence in my humanistic vision of sociology. None of these aforementioned, however, should be blamed for the shortcomings of this work or of my personal sociology.

All the residents of Prospect-Lefferts-Gardens and Lefferts Manor and the organizations representing them are of course the supporting cast of this study. Special note must be made of the contributions and insights of the following, who may or may not agree with either my description or analysis of the situation: Henry and Kathy Broder, Michael Cetera, Elaine Ciccone, Frank Elcock, David Epstein, Henrietta and Anne Harris, Howard Jurgrau, Joe Kleid, Joseph and Sarah Kolb, Michael Leiman, Connie Lockley, Bob Marvin, Lillian Miller, John and Mae Morrison, Anthony C. and Rose Nicoletti, Alan and Sybil Oster, Alice Paul, Bruce and Ellen Raskin, Max and Helen Rosenberg, Mark Rosenblum, Bernice Sealy, Bob and Jane Thomason and of course my wife, Suzanne Nicoletti Krase. The Brooklyn College Foundation was generous enough to award me a grant for preparation of the manuscript, for which I am very grateful.

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