Chapter 4.2: Invaders



List of Tables, Maps, Illustrations, and Figures


1. Symbolism, Self and Urban Environment
    Residential Succession: How "Losers" Win
    Negro Pioneers and White Flight
    Relative Selectability among Minority Invaders
    Symbolic History and Self
    Symbolic History: Modern and Ancient Foundations

2. Self Selection and Urban Decay
    The Social Character of the Manor

3. Woodland to City Neighborhood: 300 Years of Change
    Indians, Geology and Transportation
    Protecting the Community: Covenant and Zoning
    Increasing Community Parameters

4. Invasion and Succession

    Irish and Italian Catholics
    Veterans: Undesirable Heroes
    Blacks and the Special Problems of Nonwhite Invaders
    Back to City Brownstones: A Confused Invasion
    The Invasion Mentality

5. Micrological Aspects of Urban Problems
    Involuntary Change: Aging and Death
    Attidues of Heirs
    Apartment Houses: The Big Change
    The Life of a Tenant and a Building
    Understanding Intricate Urban Problems

6. Stigma and Self-Image in the Inner City
    Achievement and Residentia Movement
    The Moral Careers of Inner-City Residents
    The Community Paradigm
    Implications and Applications


The following pages sketch the different waves of people who came into the Lefferts Manor and Prospect-Lefferts-Gardens area after the Manor was established as a first-class urban neighborhood. All of these people have contributed to the physical and symbolic content of the present community. Included in this section are groups and individuals who, are best described as "co-presents" to Manorites; residents of the area who Manorites would not be willing to include as part of the community's social inventory. Co-presents, and residents of other neighborhoods close to the Manor have also had significant impact on the value of the Lefferts manor community, both negatively and positively. In the pages that follow the relationship between self and group identities, and the community in which one lives, is emphasized.

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