Chapter 5.1: Micrological Aspects of Urban Problems



List of Tables, Maps, Illustrations, and Figures


1. Symbolism, Self and Urban Environment
    Residential Succession: How "Losers" Win
    Negro Pioneers and White Flight
    Relative Selectability among Minority Invaders
    Symbolic History and Self
    Symbolic History: Modern and Ancient Foundations

2. Self Selection and Urban Decay
    The Social Character of the Manor

3. Woodland to City Neighborhood: 300 Years of Change
    Indians, Geology and Transportation
    Protecting the Community: Covenant and Zoning
    Increasing Community Parameters

4. Invasion and Succession

    Irish and Italian Catholics
    Veterans: Undesirable Heroes
    Blacks and the Special Problems of Nonwhite Invaders
    Back to City Brownstones: A Confused Invasion
    The Invasion Mentality

5. Micrological Aspects of Urban Problems
    Involuntary Change: Aging and Death
    Attidues of Heirs
    Apartment Houses: The Big Change
    The Life of a Tenant and a Building
    Understanding Intricate Urban Problems

6. Stigma and Self-Image in the Inner City
    Achievement and Residentia Movement
    The Moral Careers of Inner-City Residents
    The Community Paradigm
    Implications and Applications


No matter how hard the residents of the Lefferts Manor tried to keep their community from ever changing, they could not succeed in that impossible task. All neighborhoods change and develop. Change can be slowed or accelerated, but never completely stopped. Trying to control social change, at the grass roots level, is an almost futile endeavor. Neighborhoods that depend on segregation and closure for their survival are bound to be destroyed. The Manor was not an exceptional community because it never changed, but because the modifications there came about more slowly, and more gracefully, than in nearby areas.

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